Frequently Asked Questions
Licensing is a mandatory part of carrying out project development to ensure the security and safety of users. There are several permits that must be fulfilled before and after the project is completed, according to their respective scopes, including:Architect / Civil:
- - IMB (Building Permit)
- - EIA (Analysis of Environmental Impact)
- - UPL (Environmental Management Efforts)
- - UKL (Environmental Monitoring Efforts)
- - SLF (Certificate of Eligible Function)
- - SLO (Certificate of Operation Worthiness)
- - Lightning Protection Permit
- - Hydrants & Fire Alarms
- - Permit for Pressure Vessel/Storage Tank
- - Elevator & Escalator Permit
- - WWTP Waste Permit
- - Drilling Well/Deep Well Permit
NFPA 13, NFPA 14, and NFPA 20 are integral standards that form the foundation of effective fire protection systems. In Indonesia, these standards have been adapted to meet government regulations. NFPA 13 (or SNI 03-3989-2000) addresses sprinkler system design and installation, NFPA 14 (or SNI 03-1745-2000) focuses on standpipe and hose systems, and NFPA 20 (or SNI 03-6570-2001) outlines requirements for fire pump systems. These standards collectively provide comprehensive guidelines for various aspects of fire protection, ensuring the safety of occupants and minimizing property damage. As follows, highlights the key aspects of each standard.
NFPA 13: Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems
NFPA 13 focuses on the design and installation of automatic sprinkler systems, which are widely recognized as one of the most effective fire protection measures. The standard provides comprehensive guidelines for system design, water supplies, sprinkler placement, hydraulic calculations, and inspection and testing requirements. It covers a broad range of occupancies, including residential, commercial, industrial, and storage facilities. NFPA 13 ensures that sprinkler systems are designed to suppress or control fires effectively, minimizing property damage and facilitating safe occupant evacuation.
NFPA 14: Standard for the Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems
NFPA 14 addresses the design, installation, and maintenance of standpipe and hose systems, which provide firefighters with a reliable water supply for fire suppression operations. Standpipe systems enable firefighters to access upper floors and remote areas of buildings, enhancing their effectiveness in combating fires. The standard covers topics such as system types, water supplies, hose connections, system components, and maintenance requirements. NFPA 14 ensures the proper installation and functionality of standpipe systems, enabling quick and efficient firefighting response.
NFPA 20: Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection
NFPA 20 focuses on the design, installation, and maintenance of fire pump systems, which are critical components of fire protection systems. Fire pumps ensure an adequate water supply and pressure for effective fire suppression operations. The standard outlines requirements for pump types, performance criteria, power sources, control systems, and testing and maintenance procedures. NFPA 20 ensures that fire pump systems are designed and maintained to meet the specific needs of different occupancies, enhancing their reliability during fire emergencies.
Compliance with NFPA 13, NFPA 14, and NFPA 20 is crucial for the proper design, installation, and maintenance of fire protection systems. These standards provide a framework that incorporates industry best practices, technological advancements, and extensive research on fire safety. By adhering to these standards, buildings can significantly reduce the risk of fire-related casualties and property damage.
Furthermore, compliance with these standards ensures consistency and interoperability among fire protection systems. Firefighters and emergency responders can rely on these standardized systems and procedures, facilitating their ability to quickly and effectively suppress fires and protect lives.
NFPA 72 are standards that form the foundation of fire alarm systems. In Indonesia, these standards have been adapted to meet government regulation. NFPA 72 have been adapted to SNI 03-3985-2000. These standards collectively provide comprehensive guidelines for various aspects of fire alarm system. As follows, highlights the key aspects of NFPA 72 & SNI 03-3985-2000.- NFPA 72: National Fire Alarm & Signalling Code
NFPA 72 focuses on the design and installation of fire alarm systems, which are widely recognized as one of the most effective fire alarm installations. The standard provides comprehensive guidelines for system design, fire alarm device, detector placement, and inspection and testing requirements. It covers a type of installation each detector, including heat detector, smoke detector, beam detector, flame detector & gas detector. NFPA 72 ensures that fire alarm systems are designed to detecting fires effectively, minimizing property damage and facilitating safe occupant evacuation.- SNI 03-3985-2000
adapted from general guidelines NFPA 71 to meet Indonesian government standard. In general, both guidelines have same standard for detail installation fire alarm and explain how to install each equipment of fire alarm devices. SNI standard also mention building requirements for fire alarm, there is two types of fire alarm system for building, manual type and automatic type. Manual type only uses Call point for input fire alarm and Automatic type use detector for input fire alarm system.
Ducting and Air Handling Unit (AHU) design and installation play a crucial role in providing efficient and effective heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems for various applications. Ducting is the network of conduits that distribute conditioned air throughout a building. While the AHU serves as the central component of the HVAC system, responsible for conditioning and circulating air. During the design process, these systems should comply with the standard and regulation to ensure safety, efficiency, and performance. ASHRAE; Standard 90.1: Energy Efficiency, BOCA; International Energy Conservation Code 2000, and SNI 03-6197-2020 can be used as a reference in the design process.
There are several common materials used, depending on factors such as cost, system requirements, application, and local building codes.
There are some considerations when designing a ducting system to ensure optimal airflow, efficient operation, and occupant comfort. The choice of duct material for ductwork in HVAC systems is important. Ducts should be sized appropriately to accommodate the required airflow rates while minimizing pressure drop. This involves determining the duct size based on airflow calculations, taking into account factors such as air volume, velocity, and friction losses.
Then, the duct layout should be carefully planned to minimize bends, obstructions, and pressure losses. This will involve various components that are involved in ductwork to distribute and circulate air throughout a building, such as diffusers, grills, dampers, elbows, flexible ducts, and other related fittings. Proper routing ensures even distribution of airflow to different spaces while avoiding conflicts with structural elements or other building systems.
Apart from the ducting system, the AHU system needs proper attention too. The AHU should be sized appropriately to handle the cooling and heating loads of the space. Selecting an AHU with the right capacity ensures energy efficiency and proper temperature and humidity control. Choosing the appropriate fan type and size is crucial for achieving the desired airflow rates and static pressure within the duct system. In addition, the AHU should be equipped with air filters to remove dust, particles, and pollutants from the supply air. Proper selection and maintenance of filters are important for maintaining good indoor air quality.
In conclusion, ducting and AHU design and installation are crucial components of a well-designed HVAC system for optimal system performance and longevity. Proper design, sizing, layout, and installation practices ensure efficient airflow, temperature control, and occupant comfort while adhering to industry standards and regulations. Employing knowledgeable HVAC professionals and following best practices during design and installation are key to achieving a successful and high-performing HVAC system.